In the early 1970s, the independent Aboriginal organization Unia campaigned for the establishment of a cattle station within the Daly River Aboriginal Reserve, as a permanent home for the local Ngangikurrunggurr people. As a result, a 2,000 sq km pastoral lease was granted, and later consolidated by the Aboriginal Land Rights Act (NT) 1976. Harold Wilson, a prominent member of Unia, was instrumental in the community’s establishment. Wilson was born in Peppimenarti country, and after being removed from his family and sent to government institutions as a child, he decided to return there as an adult with his wife Regina Pilawuk Wilson and family, to set up a permanent settlement in 1974.
Peppimenarti is an Aboriginal community in the Daly River Region, located on Tom Turner Creek approximately 320 km south west of Darwin. The Community has a population of ~220 people. The locality name is drawn from the Aboriginal words Peppi (rock) and menarti (large), referring to the rock formation that overlooks the community. At its base is a wide stream and a series of pools which form a significant sacred site.The main language spoken in Peppimenarti is Tyemirri, with English being the second most spoken language in the area.